Excel VBA change partial text color in Cell

This Excel VBA tutorial explains how to change partial text color in a Cell using Macro.

You may also want to read:

Access Excel remove text in brackets

Change partial text color in spreadsheet

In Excel spreadsheet, you can change part of the text in a Cell by highlighting the text and then change the font color.

Suppose you want to change the text World in Cell A1 to red color. First, highlight the text.

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Then select red color in the font color option.

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Change partial text color in VBA

In Excel VBA, you can change the font color of the whole Cell using below code

Range("A1").Font.ColorIndex = 3  'ColorIndex 3 = Red

You can refer to my previous post to find out what colorIndex represents what color.

In order to change partial text  color, we need to use Characters Method to select the target text before we apply ColorIndex. Using Hello World as an example, to change the World color to red,

Public Sub changeColor()
    Range("A1").Characters(Start:=7, Length:=5).Font.ColorIndex = 3
End Sub

Start argument indicates the starting position of the text, Length is the length of text.

Macro 1 – Change partial text color using VBA Macro

This Macro aims to change the color of specific text in a Cell.

VBA Code

Public Sub ChgTxtColor()
    Set myRange = Range("A1:A100")  'The Range that contains the substring you want to change color
    substr = "delete"   'The text you want to change color
    txtColor = 3   'The ColorIndex which repsents the color you want to change
    
    For Each myString In myRange
        lenstr = Len(myString)
        lensubstr = Len(substr)
        For i = 1 To lenstr
            tempString = Mid(myString, i, lensubstr)
            If tempString = substr Then
                myString.Characters(Start:=i, Length:=lensubstr).Font.ColorIndex = txtColor
            End If
        Next i
    Next myString
End Sub

Example

In the above Macro, I have defined to change all the text “delete” to red color in Range A1 to A100.

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Macro 2 – Change text color inside brackets

This Macro aims to change text color that is enclosed by specific string. For example, (xxx)   {xxxx}.

The starting string you declare (e.g. open bracket) must be different from ending string (close bracket), both  starting string and ending string have to be one character.

VBA Code

I create two Arrays called stStrArr() and edStrArr(), which store the position of open bracket and close bracket respectively, open bracket has to be present before close bracket in order for the color change to happen.

Public Sub ChgTxtColor2()
    Set myRange = Range("A1:A100")  'The Range that contains the substring you want to change color
    stStr = "("   'The first character of the substring you want to change color
    edStr = ")"   'The last character of the substring you want to change color
    txtColor = 3   'The ColorIndex which repsents the color you want to change, 3 represents Red
    
    On Error Resume Next
    
    For Each myString In myRange
        Dim stStrArr(), edStrArr()
            For i = 1 To Len(myString)
                tempString = Mid(myString, i, 1)
                If tempString = stStr Then
                    counter = counter + 1
                    ReDim Preserve stStrArr(counter)
                    stStrArr(counter) = i
                End If
            Next i
            
            For j = 1 To Len(myString)
                tempString2 = Mid(myString, j, 1)
                If tempString2 = edStr Then
                    counter2 = counter2 + 1
                    ReDim Preserve edStrArr(counter2)
                    edStrArr(counter2) = j
                End If
            Next j
            
            For k = 1 To Len(myString)
                If edStrArr(k) > stStrArr(k) Then
                    myString.Characters(Start:=stStrArr(k), Length:=edStrArr(k) - stStrArr(k) + 1).Font.ColorIndex = txtColor
                End If
            Next k
            
        Erase stStrArr()
        Erase edStrArr()
    Next myString
End Sub

Example

The above Macro changes the text color inside brackets (brackets inclusive) to red in Range A1 to A100.

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Wyman W
Wyman is a Business Analyst based in Hong Kong, specialized in creating custom Function and Sub solutions, and is proficient in report automation with Access.

He is also a:
- Microsoft Most Valuable Professional (Excel)
- Microsoft Community Contributor
- Microsoft Office Specialist
- Microsoft Specialist
- Microsoft Technical Associate
- Microsoft Certified Professional
- IBM SPSS Specialist

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