This Excel VBA tutorial explains how to import CSV into Excel automatically using Workbooks.OpenText Method. You may select different delimiters such as Tab, semicolon, comma, space.
You may also want to read:
Excel VBA Import CSV into Excel using Workbooks.OpenText Method
In Excel workbook, you can manually import a CSV file into Excel (Data > From Text / CSV). However, you have to select some options in advance such as delimiter. In order to import CSV into Excel automatically, you may use Workbooks.Open Text Method.
Syntax of Workbooks.Open Text Method
Workbooks.OpenText(FileName, Origin , StartRow , DataType , TextQualifier , ConsecutiveDelimiter , Tab , Semicolon , Comma , Space , Other , OtherChar , FieldInfo , TextVisualLayout , DecimalSeparator , ThousandsSeparator , TrailingMinusNumbers , Local)
|FileName||Required||String||Specifies the file name of the text file to be opened and parsed.|
|Origin||Optional||Variant||Specifies the origin of the text file. Can be one of the following xlPlatform constants: xlMacintosh, xlWindows, or xlMSDOS. Additionally, this could be an integer representing the code page number of the desired code page. For example, “1256” would specify that the encoding of the source text file is Arabic (Windows). If this argument is omitted, the method uses the current setting of the File Origin option in the Text Import Wizard.|
|StartRow||Optional||Variant||The row number at which to start parsing text. The default value is 1.|
|DataType||Optional||Variant||Specifies the column format of the data in the file. Can be one of the following XlTextParsingType constants: xlDelimited or xlFixedWidth. If this argument is not specified, Microsoft Excel attempts to determine the column format when it opens the file.
|ConsecutiveDelimiter||Optional||Variant||True to have consecutive delimiters considered one delimiter. The default is False.|
|Tab||Optional||Variant||True to have the tab character be the delimiter (DataType must be xlDelimited). The default value is False.|
|Semicolon||Optional||Variant||True to have the semicolon character be the delimiter (DataType must be xlDelimited). The default value is False.|
|Comma||Optional||Variant||True to have the comma character be the delimiter (DataType must be xlDelimited). The default value is False.|
|Space||Optional||Variant||True to have the space character be the delimiter (DataType must be xlDelimited). The default value is False.|
|Other||Optional||Variant||True to have the character specified by the OtherChar argument be the delimiter (DataType must be xlDelimited). The default value is False.|
|OtherChar||Optional||Variant||(required if Other is True). Specifies the delimiter character when Other is True. If more than one character is specified, only the first character of the string is used; the remaining characters are ignored.|
|FieldInfo||Optional||Variant||An array containing parse information for individual columns of data. The interpretation depends on the value of DataType. When the data is delimited, this argument is an array of two-element arrays, with each two-element array specifying the conversion options for a particular column. The first element is the column number (1-based), and the second element is one of the XlColumnDataType constants specifying how the column is parsed.
|TextVisualLayout||Optional||Variant||The visual layout of the text.|
|DecimalSeparator||Optional||Variant||The decimal separator that Microsoft Excel uses when recognizing numbers. The default setting is the system setting.|
|ThousandsSeparator||Optional||Variant||The thousands separator that Excel uses when recognizing numbers. The default setting is the system setting.|
|TrailingMinusNumbers||Optional||Variant||Specify True if numbers with a minus character at the end should be treated as negative numbers. If False or omitted, numbers with a minus character at the end are treated as text.|
|Local||Optional||Variant||Specify True if regional settings of the machine should be used for separators, numbers and data formatting.|
Example – Import CSV into Excel using Workbooks.OpenText Method
Suppose we have a staff list as below in csv file, in which the delimiter is comma with double quotation around text that contains comma (job title). Uur goal is import CSV into Excel and delimit the data automatically.
In the VBA code, for the case of a mix of double quotation and no double quotation, we can skip the TextQualifier argument. We only have to identify the file path and delimiter as below.
Public Sub OpenCsvFile() .OpenText Filename:="C:\Users\WYMAN\Desktop\staff list.csv", DataType:=xlDelimited, comma:=True End Sub
Create a new workbook, press ALT+F11 to insert the above procedure and then execute the procedure. The CSV file will open in Excel and the data is delimited properly.
Note that OpenText Method only opens the CSV in Excel but it is not importing the data into the current workbook.
To do so, we can add some codes to copy the worksheet over to the current workboook .
Public Sub OpenCsvFile() Application.ScreenUpdating = False Workbooks.OpenText Filename:="C:\Users\WYMAN\Desktop\staff list.csv", DataType:=xlDelimited, comma:=True With ActiveWorkbook .ActiveSheet.Copy After:=ThisWorkbook.Sheets(Sheets.Count) .Close End With Cells.Select Cells.EntireColumn.AutoFit Range("A1").Select Application.ScreenUpdating = True End Sub
Execute the above procedure, now the delimited csv is added to the current workbook in a new worksheet.