Excel T.TEST Function to perform Student’s T Test

This Excel tutorial explains how to use T.TEST Function to perform Independent Sample T Test and Paired-samples T Test.

What is Independent T Test

In statistical inference, we are interested to know whether a small sample comes from a population. To inference using sample mean, when the population standard deviation and population mean are known, we can use Z test to interference the population mean from sample mean.

In reality, we do not have data of the whole population. Without the population standard deviation, we use T Test (also known as Student’s t Test) to interference the population mean from sample mean.

There are basically three kinds of T Test in statistics:

One sample T Test Test whether a target mean value is equal to the population mean
Independent sample T Test Test whether the population mean from two individual samples are equal. For two samples, you can also use One Way ANOVA, but ANOVA is not directional.
Paired-samples T Test Test whether the population mean between paired observations are equal

Excel T.Test Function is used to find the P value of Independent Sample T Test and Paired-samples T Test.

Syntax of Excel T.TEST Function

Array1 Required. The first data set.
Array2 Required. The second data set.
Tails Required. Specifies the number of distribution tails. If tails = 1, T.TEST uses the one-tailed distribution. If tails = 2, T.TEST uses the two-tailed distribution.
Type Required. The kind of t-Test to perform.

1 Paired-samples T Test
2 Independent sample T Test with equal variance
3 Independent sample T Test with  unequal variance

Example of Excel T.TEST Function

The below example shows employees’ salary in department A and department B.

Excel T.Test Function 01

The returned value of T.Test Function is a P value. If P value is <0.05, we can conclude the two sets of data have different mean; otherwise the two means are not significantly different.

If you want to understand the meaning of each test, please click the link below.

One sample T Test

Independent sample T Test

Paired-samples T Test

Outbound References


Wyman W
Wyman is a Business Analyst based in Hong Kong, specialized in business analysis, project management, and also creating custom Function and Sub solutions, and is proficient in report automation with Access.

He is also a:
- Microsoft Most Valuable Professional (Excel)
- Microsoft Community Contributor
- Microsoft Office Specialist in Access / Excel
- Microsoft Specialist in MS Project
- Microsoft Technical Associate
- Microsoft Certified Professional
- IBM SPSS Specialist

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